By Brian Morris
This e-book is a pioneering and complete research of the environmental heritage of Southern Malawi. With over fifty years of expertise, anthropologist and social ecologist Brian Morris attracts on quite a lot of information – literary, ethnographic and archival – during this interdisciplinary quantity.
Specifically focussing at the advanced and dialectical courting among the folk of Southern Malawi, either Africans and Europeans, and the Shire Highlands panorama, this examine spans the 19th century until eventually the tip of the colonial interval. It comprises designated bills of the early historical past of the peoples of Northern Zambezia; the improvement of the plantation financial system and heritage of the tea estates within the Thyolo and Mulanje districts; the Chilembwe uprising of 1915; and the advanced tensions among colonial pursuits in holding traditional assets and the worries of the Africans of the Shire Highlands in conserving their livelihoods.
A landmark paintings, Morris’s learn constitutes an immense contribution to the environmental background of Southern Africa. it's going to attraction not just to students, yet to scholars in anthropology, economics, heritage and the environmental sciences, in addition to to somebody drawn to studying extra in regards to the background of Malawi, and ecological concerns when it comes to southern Africa.
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Extra info for An Environmental History of Southern Malawi: Land and People of the Shire Highlands
1 shows the figures from three typical locations (1930): Annual rainfall from year to year may also fluctuate widely. As indicated in Chap. 7, rainfall on Zoa estate in the Thyolo district in 1950–1951 was 45 inches (1156 mm) while the following year it was 64 inches (1639 mm). Such a contrast, of course, had a great impact on the productivity of the tea gardens. 60 (1412 mm) Hornby 1930; MNA/NSD/1/3/1 18 B. MORRIS The Shire Highlands is also subject to periodic and unpredictable cyclones, violent storms that come from the Indian Ocean.
2001: 63–64). 5 Lowland Forest The prototypical example of lowland forest is the evergreen forest that clothes the southern slopes of Machemba hill (4260 feet, 1300 m), situated on the Phalombe plain, some 6 miles north of Phalombe township. Machemba, like Mulanje Mountain is a syenite intrusion. This type of lowland forest consists of such evergreen trees as Khaya anthotheca (syn. K. nyasica) (mbawa), Newtonia buchananii (nkweranyani, Climbed by baboons), Zanha golungensis (mtutumuko), Cola mossambicensis (mkope), Macaranga capensis (mbwabwa), and Parkia filicoidea (mkundi).
Adopting a geomorphological as well as a botanical perspective, we shall discuss these various types of evergreen forest in relation to the four mountain ranges that characterize the Shire Highlands. But first there will be a brief outline of the four types of evergreen forest, along with their associated plant communities at the higher altitudes: montane grassland and bracken-briar. 2. 3 Montane Forest Variously described as ‘moist forest’ or simply as ‘Montane forest sensu stricto’, Montane Evergreen rain forest has a very restricted distribution in the Shire Highlands.