Download Antitrust in the Groceries Sector & Liability Issues in by Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick PDF

By Pierre Kobel, Pranvera Këllezi, Bruce Kilpatrick

The booklet presents an research of the grocery retail industry in a really huge variety of nations with a world document written through an economist. the second one a part of the booklet deals the research of legal responsibility concerns with regards to non-compliance with CSRs with a global file via a British barrister. either subject matters are very timely.

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Sample text

Under the de minimis rule, agreements of minor importance are not subject to the general prohibition against anticompetitive practices. An agreement is of minor importance if the parties’ joint market share does not exceed 10 % in the market concerned by the agreement. However, this exemption does not apply to agreements that are aimed at price fixing or market sharing so that local cartels can be pursued by the competition authority. Nevertheless, the Hungarian competition authority has not investigated such micro-violations in the food sector, possibly because of a lack of resources and the fact that it was not aware of possible local infringements because it has no local offices across the country.

A third set of market studies focused on the exploration of buyer power by retail chains and its implications for the upstream suppliers in general and the farmers: Netherlands (2004), Finland (2012), Japan (2011 and 2012) and Hungary (2007 and 2009). A fourth set of market studies analyzed specific product markets of basic staples such as fish (Netherlands 2011), wheat, bread, dairy products, cooking oil (Bulgaria), milk (Germany 2012), eggs (Ukraine 2012), sugar, sunflower (Ukraine 2011) or dry pasta (Italy 2011).

Contacting the retailer to address the difference between the recommended resale price and the actual resale price), the competition authority and the courts consider this as a violation of the German cartel prohibition clause. In Hungary, recommended resale prices are violations of the competition law if they are combined with means to make them mandatory or if there is a risk that they are a focal point for resellers and are followed by most or all of them or if they soften competition or facilitate collusion among suppliers.

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