By Robert G. Hoyland
Lengthy prior to Muhammed preached the faith of Islam, the population of his local Arabia had performed a big position in global historical past as either retailers and warriors
Arabia and the Arabs presents the one up to date, one-volume survey of the quarter and its peoples, from prehistory to the arrival of Islam
Using a variety of resources - inscriptions, poetry, histories, and archaeological proof - Robert Hoyland explores the most cultural parts of Arabia, from old Sheba within the south, to the deserts and oases of the north. He then examines the main issues of
*art, structure and artefacts
*language and literature
*Arabhood and Arabisation
The quantity is illustrated with greater than 50 pictures, drawings and maps.
Read Online or Download Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam (Peoples of the Ancient World) PDF
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Additional info for Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam (Peoples of the Ancient World)
But then at the end of the third century AD the Sabaean dynasty seems simply to die out and we hear no more of Saba as an independent power. The Minaeans had already lost their inﬂuence in the course of the first century BC. Himyar and Hadramawt appropriated and divided up Qataban’s territories in the late second century AD. Finally, in the late third century, King Shammar Yuhar‘ish of Himyar conquered Hadramawt, which subsequently ceased to be a major player on the political stage. The Himyarite era, an absolute system of dating, now became commonly used throughout south Arabia.
And consonantal alphabets, unlike syllabic/ pictorial systems, do not require a lengthy training, and so literacy could escape the control of the state and become much more pervasive. The new scripts were particularly advantageous to merchants who could now make deals and contracts with greater ease, and it is perhaps no accident that the alphabets emanated from such trading centres as Palestine and Phoenicia. The exact nature and significance of this transition from the late Bronze Age to the early Iron Age is still much disputed, but it is certainly true that the geopolitical scene in the Middle East was drastically altered during this time.
The author of one inscription includes in his dedication mention of ‘all the gods, 37 SOUTH ARABIA patron deities, kings and peoples of Saba and the union’ (M 203). Here we have something like a federation, of which Saba assumed the headship. The common link was allegiance to the high god ‘Athtar and the union was regularly renewed at a ceremony in his temple on the ancient Kawran mountain (modern Jabal al-Lawdh in the Jawf). The union presumably served to maintain peace and security among its members, particularly respect for each others’ holy places and sacred times, and possibly to facilitate mutual aid in times of hardship and cooperation in grand ventures (especially hydraulic construction).